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State of the State 2023

  1. Note: The WUI is computed by counting the percent of word “uncertain” (or its variant) in the Economist Intelligence Unit country reports. The WUI is then rescaled by multiplying by 1,000,000. A higher number means higher uncertainty and vice versa. For example, an index of 200 corresponds to the word uncertainty accounting for 0.02 percent of all words, which – given the EIU reports are on average about 10,000 words long – means about 2 words per report.
  2. Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk." Econometrica 47, no. 2 (1979), 263. doi:10.2307/1914185.
  3. Daniella Laureiro‐Martínez and Stefano Brusoni. "Cognitive flexibility and adaptive decision‐making: Evidence from a laboratory study of expert decision makers." Strategic Management Journal 39, no. 4, 2018, 1031-1058. doi:10.1002/smj.2774.
  4. Kahneman and Tversky. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk."
  5. "Why It’s So Hard for Us to Visualize Uncertainty." Harvard Business Review. Last modified November 11, 2016.
  6. Nikola Tesla interview conducted by John B. Kennedy and published in the 30 January 1926 issue of Collier's magazine.
  7. "Russia-Ukraine War Business Scenarios." Deloitte United States. June 2022.
  8. "US China Trade War Food for Thought for New Zealand." Deloitte New Zealand. September 2020.
  9. "Global Supply Chains and the US-China Trade War." Deloitte Insights. December 2021.
  10. "Research Finds Alpine Fault Quake More Likely in the Next 50 Years." GNS Science | Te Pῡ Ao.
  11. "Paleotsunamis on the Southern Hikurangi Subduction Zone, New Zealand, Show Regular Recurrence of Large Subduction Earthquakes | The Seismic Record | GeoScienceWorld."
  12. Jennifer Marshman, Alison Blay-Palmer and Karen Landman. "Anthropocene Crisis: Climate Change, Pollinators, and Food Security." Environments 6, no. 2 (2019), 22. doi:10.3390/environments6020022.
  13. "Why Bees Matter." Food and Agriculture Organization.
  14. "Aotearoa New Zealand’s Turning Point." Deloitte New Zealand. 2023.
  15. "Weather-related Disasters Increase over Past 50 Years, Causing More Damage but Fewer Deaths." World Meteorological Organization. Last modified 9 September 2021.
  16. "Tackling the Infrastructure Deficit." Deloitte New Zealand. May 2023.
  17. "Distribution of Wealth Across New Zealand Households Remains Unchanged Between 2015 and 2021." Stats NZ.
  18. "Household Net Worth Statistics: Year Ended June 2021." Stats NZ.
  19. “Voices of Pacific peoples: Eliminating pay gap.” New Zealand Human Rights Commission. 2022. Voices-of-Pacific-Peoples-Pacific-Pay-Gap-Inquiry-Report.pdf (
  20. Matthew Hobbs, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Lukas Marek, Malcolm Campbell, Melanie Tomintz, and Simon Kingham. "Reducing health inequity for Māori people in New Zealand." The Lancet 394, no. 10209, 2019, 1613-1614. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(19)30044-3.
  21. "New Cost of Living Figures Show Who It's Hitting Hardest." RNZ. 1 May 2023.
  22. "Building a Fair Future for All." Deloitte New Zealand. October 2022.
  23. Kate Raworth. Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist. Hartford: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2017.
  24. "Political Polarisation: the Phenomenon That Should Be on Everyone’s Lips." CaixaBank Research. Last modified 25 November 2022.
  25. "BBC Global Survey: A world Divided?" IPSOS. Last modified 23 April 2018.
  26. Russell Palmer. "Rise in Disinformation, Conspiracy Theories Prompts Calls for Election Protections." RNZ. Last modified 8 April 2023.
  27. "New Zealand’s Internet Insights 2022: Concerns and safety." InternetNZ.
  28. Milo Comerford, Jakob Guhl and Carl Miller. "Understanding the New Zealand Online Extremist Ecosystem." Institute for Strategic Dialogue.
  29. Katarina Williams. "Our Truth, Tā Mātou Pono: Stuff Introduces New Treaty of Waitangi Based Charter Following Historic Apology." Stuff. Last modified 28 November 2020.
  30. "One Million People Aged 65+ by 2028." Stats NZ. Last modified July 2022.
  31. Ibid.
  32. "New Zealand Better Life Index." OECD.
  33. "The Future of Aging." Deloitte Insights. Last modified June 2019.
  34. "How is Our Māori Population Changing?" Stats NZ. Last modified November 2015. Note: By 2038, half the Māori population will be younger than 28 years, compared with 24 years in 2015. Over the same period, the median age of the non-Māori population is projected to increase from 40 years to 45 years.
  35. "Subnational Ethnic Population Projections: 2018(base)–2043." Stats NZ. Last modified March 2022.
  36. "Unbounding: Unlimited Reality’s Metaverse for Business Series." Deloitte United States. Last modified December 2022.; "Gartner Predicts 25% of People Will Spend At Least One Hour Per Day in the Metaverse by 2026." Gartner. Last modified February 2022.
  37. "Stop Distinguishing Between Execution and Strategy." Harvard Business Review. Last modified March 2015.
  38. "Better Life Index: Civic Engagement." OECD.
  39. Joel Maxwell. "Labour's Largest Ever Māori Caucus Elects New Chairs Willow-Jean Prime and Rino Tirikatene." Stuff. Last modified November 2020.
  40. "New Zealand Women and the Vote." Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Last modified April 2023.
    40. Hopgood, Sela. "NZ Election Brings in Largest Pacific Caucus." RNZ. Last modified October 2020.
  41. "Final Voter Turnout Results." Taituarā — Local Government Professionals Aotearoa and LGNZ. Last modified February 2023.
  42. "New Zealand Govt Reverses Move to Introduce Bill to Lower Voting Age." Reuters. Last modified March 2023.
  43. "Prime Minister Chris Hipkins Abandons Plan for Legislation to Lower Voting Age for General Elections." Newshub. Last modified March 2023.
  44. Anneke Smith. "Electoral System Review Recommends Voting Age Lowered to 16, Party Threshold to 3.5%." RNZ. Last modified June 2023.
  45. “Make the Move – Shifting how the public sector works with communities”, Inspiring Communities, New Zealand 2023.
  46. "Bringing Citizens’ Assemblies to the Mainstream." University College London. Last modified May 2022.
  47. "The New Economics of Innovation and Transition: Evaluating Opportunities and Risks." The Economics of Energy Innovation and System Transition (EEIST), University of Exeter. 2021.
  48. For example, Deloitte’s Optimal Reality platform:
  49. UrbanistAI.
  50. "New Gorge Highway Project Alliance Wins Diversity Award." Stuff. 25 September 2021.
  51. "Growth in Government Procurement Spend." New Zealand Government Procurement. Last modified May 2021.
  52. "Developing a Culturally Appropriate Assessment Model." InterRAI and Deloitte New Zealand. January 2023.
  53. "Residential Flood Insurance Issues Information Release." The Treasury New Zealand. Last modified December 2022.
  54. "Sea level rise and the withdrawal of residential insurance in Aotearoa New Zealand." Climate Sigma for the Deep South National Science Challenge. Last modified December 2022.
  55. "Underinsurance Poses a Threat to Inclusive Progress in Aotearoa." Deloitte New Zealand. Last modified February 2023.
  56. "Sea level rise and the withdrawal of residential insurance in Aotearoa New Zealand." Climate Sigma.
  57. "Underinsurance Poses a Threat to Inclusive Progress in Aotearoa." Deloitte New Zealand.
  58. "Future Global Shocks: Improving Risk Governance." OECD. April 2010.
  59. "Household Income and Housing-cost Statistics: Year Ended June 2022." Stats NZ. March 2023.
  60. "Underinsurance Poses a Threat to Inclusive Progress in Aotearoa." Deloitte New Zealand.
  61. " Material Hardship." Growing Up in New Zealand. April 2023.
  62. “New Zealand: Climate Action Tracker.” Climate Action Tracker. March 2023.
  63. "Wellbeing Budget 2023: Support for today Building for tomorrow." Government of New Zealand. 18 May 2023.
  64. "Sustainable Debt Global State of the Market." Climate Bonds Initiative. Last modified 2022.
  65. Caralee McLiesh. Speech: “Financing the transition to a low emissions, climate resilient economy." The Treasury New Zealand. 18 September 2022.
  66. "Low-emissions economy." Productivity Commission. August 2018.
  67. "Govt Increases Contribution to Global Climate Target." New Zealand Government. 31 October 2021.
  68. "Low-emissions economy." Productivity Commission.
  69. "Mandatory Climate-related Disclosures." Ministry for the Environment. 17 June 2022.
  70. "NZ Becomes First in World for Climate Reporting." New Zealand Government. Last modified 13 April 2021.
  71. "New Zealand Insights: How can ESG reporting fuel positive change?" Ernst & Young New Zealand. October 2022.
  72. "The Cynefin Framework." The Cynefin Co. 8 October 2021.
  73. Gerard Hutching. “Wading birds - Bar-tailed godwits’ migration route.” Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, June 2006.
  74. "Bar-tailed Godwit's Sense of Direction." Animal Navigation. 22 August 2011.
  75. Christina Troup. “Bird migration - Preparation for the journey”. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 12 June 2006.
  76. K Woodley. “Bar-tailed godwit: Kuaka”. In Miskelly, C.M. (ed.) New Zealand Birds Online. 2013.
  77. "The Godwit’s Long, Long Nonstop Journey." The New York Times. 20 September 2022.
  78. "Flight of the Godwit." Science Learning Hub - Pokapū Akoranga Pūtaiao. Last modified September 2011.
  79. "Long-Haul Godwit." EarthDate Broadcast, Episode 239. 20 November 2021.
  80. “Measuring state sector productivity.” New Zealand Productivity Commission. Final report of the measuring and improving state sector productivity inquiry, vol. 2., 2018.
  81. “Improving state sector productivity.” New Zealand Productivity Commission. Final report of the measuring and improving state sector productivity inquiry, vol. 1., 2018.
  82. “Frontier Firms follow-on review.” New Zealand Productivity Commission, 2023.