Many businesses anticipated an economic slowdown for 2020, but none could have prepared for a global pandemic making unprecedented demands on employment, cash flows, and supply chains. Businesses responded with agility and empathy—cutting discretionary spend, furloughing employees, and making use of government loans and aid to help weather the storm. The companies that have surfaced in a strong cash position are more likely to return to growth more quickly.
With the economic environment now very different from pre-pandemic times, companies will need to reflect on whether their structure fits this evolving “new normal”: Is the structure fit for purpose? Can the costs be managed efficiently? And does the structure facilitate effective supply chain management? The sudden and sharp contraction in many economies will inevitably lead to some tough decisions, including whether to create new entities, transferring assets or entities, or divesting.
The drivers of a legal entity restructure are no different post-COVID than any other time. The pandemic has, however, accelerated the need to reflect on the effectiveness of the structure, and the efficiency of the legal documentation that accompanies a reorganization. Aligning the legal entity structure with the business priorities below will be crucial for an organization’s ability to return to growth in the “new normal”.
Previous recessions have shown that there is a premium on liquidity – companies in the strongest liquidity position after the pandemic are more likely to thrive more quickly.
The companies with the strongest liquidity positions tend to be those with structures that facilitate the group moving capital around most effectively – moving cash to where it is needed, and repatriating cash to the centre or their financing facilities at the right time. The general counsel, working with tax, finance, and treasury, should consider whether the structure helps or hinders a return to growth. In an inefficient structure, where the reason for some subsidiaries is unclear, it becomes a slow and cumbersome process, when speed is key.
Group strategy alignment
Many companies will have set up their structures from a tax perspective, during a time when the business landscape will have been very different. Post-pandemic, however, businesses may be reconsidering their raison d'être, re-focusing on their core business. Whichever their strategy, the corporate structure needs to be aligned.
Reduce cost and improve cash movement
A streamlined corporate structure will facilitate efficiency in operations, with resultant reductions in operating costs. The streamlined structure will also allow cash to be moved at the required speed, rather than tying it up in cumbersome processes through inefficient intermediaries.
Streamlined management, governance and reduced risk
Finding the most efficient corporate structure will help the group reduce management time of inefficient entities, and allow them to refocus on returning to growth. It will also allow them to improve and maintain their corporate governance standards–fewer redundant entities reduce the risk of breaching these standards. In the past, many corporate failures were governance related, and could be traced back to the subsidiary where the corporate governance failure existed.
The general counsel’s role is critical when considering whether the legal structure facilitates a return to growth. Playing a central role in coordinating a restructure, the GC needs to bring all stakeholders along, make sure they are aligned, and help them navigate the process. The GC needs to be connected with the tax, treasury, finance and operations departments and look at the strategy holistically. Successful restructures often have someone at the center, taking broader responsibility for moving things forward. The legal department is well-placed to perform this role.
Legal Perspectives on COVID-19
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