Understanding the touchpoints and implications for businesses
Changes to domestic laws as a result of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting ("BEPS") project will likely have a significant impact on multinationals and their cross-border trading activities. Changes to core corporate income tax and transfer pricing principles have been well publicised. However, the impact of BEPS on indirect taxation, is less well-defined.
Specific BEPS considerations that are likely to have an indirect tax impact on multinationals include the following:
Implementation of the "destination principle" for cross-border supplies of services and intangibles, with value added tax (VAT) collected via the reverse charge (for B2B) or vendor registration requirements (for B2C);
A lower Permanent Establishment threshold that may lead to the restructuring of supply chains and business models, which in turn may create local VAT and customs compliance requirements, cash-flow implications, unexpected VAT costs and, non-resident importer status issues;
New transfer pricing requirements, including the possible need for changes to pre-existing intragroup pricing and more frequent retroactive price adjustments, may affect the nature, degree and value of intercompany transactions for duty and VAT purposes;
Changes to transfer pricing methods and structuring, which may impact customs valuation compliance and, potentially, the amount of customs duty owed on related party imports; and
International collaboration and information sharing between tax authorities, resulting in increased scrutiny and tax audits.
The accompanying placemat highlights a number of the key indirect tax interactions with BEPS. It is intended to stimulate and support conversations aimed at identifying the types of businesses and operations affected by BEPS, as well as the broader indirect tax compliance, cash flow and potentially cost consequences which could arise as a result.
Based in London, Philip has led the Deloitte Global Tax & Legal business since 1 June 2019. Prior to this, he was the Deloitte Global Business Tax leader for two years and led the Deloitte UK Business Tax practice for seven years, amongst other roles. He leads the Global Tax & Legal Executive and is a member of the Deloitte Global Executive. He has a Physics Bachelor of Science degree from Liverpool University, is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales and is a member of the Institute of Tax. Philip still loves serving clients and is aligned to the Deloitte UK M&A tax group in London. For nearly 20 years, Philip has focused on M&A tax, particularly on private equity, real estate and hedge funds. He has worked on some of the more significant, large and complex European transactions in recent years as well as supporting fund advisers. Most recently, he has taken on advisory roles to some of Deloitte’s more significant multinational corporate clients. Prior to that, Philip gained varied experience having spent 13 years in regional UK offices and 17 years in London. During Philip’s time in the regions, he focused on inbound (US and Japanese) companies and smaller listed companies. Philip has a technical bias towards supply chain solutions and Treasury.