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A Critical Analysis of South Africa’s Perceived Effectiveness in Enforcing Marine Protected Areas

South Africa is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the Southwest, making up almost 3 000 kilometers of coastline with an estimated 13 000 different species recorded across our waters.

Enforcement of Marine Protection Areas and Coastal Protection Zones

In South Africa, the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act 57 of 2003 alongside the Marine Living Resources Act 18 of 1998 are the pieces of legislation that are enforced by marine, the staff responsible for protected areas. The marine protected areas staff are appointed as Fishery Control Officers (FCO) to enforce the Marine Living Resources Act and Environmental Management Inspectors to enforce the Protected Areas Act.

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