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Gearing up for a new peak in NPLs

Deleveraging Europe 2021

Deloitte’s annual deleveraging report examines key NPL loan portfolio sales and possible emerging trends across Europe. The report provides an up-to-date overview of the latest transactions supported by forward-looking insights provided by our Portfolio Lead Advisory Services experts, investors and clients.

The COVID-19 pandemic cast a shadow over 2020 like no other event in recent times, resulting not only in a public health crisis but also an unprecedented event-driven economic and societal challenge.

Containment measures to halt the spread of the virus saw the European loan portfolio market effectively go into deep freeze during the first half of 2020, with resumed activity during the second half of the year driven largely by government guaranteed NPL securitisation schemes.

As a result of coordinated government support measures and the expected lag effect from the initial economic shock, defaults and insolvencies are still moderate across Europe, with many stakeholders waiting to see the impact that the unwinding of government support measures will have.

Banks facing potential increases in NPLs need to get ahead of the issue by focusing on legacy portfolios and building their workout capabilities; in the meantime, NPL investors should expect a gradual increase in activity and a busy next few years.

Key themes highlighted in this report include:

  • Portfolio markets went into deep freeze in early 2020, even with some markets renewing deal activity in the second half of the year, deal volumes dropped c60%.
  • Italy (c.€44.0bn of transactions in 2020) and Greece (c€12.4bn) drove European deal volumes in 2020 largely using government guaranteed NPL securitisation schemes. Both countries demonstrated good levels of NPL portfolio sales in H2 2020 driving improved NPL volumes and ratios.
  • The average NPL ratio across EBA banks has continued to fall (to 2.6% at Q4 2020), reflecting a reduction in NPL volumes, unprecedented levels of government stimulus and regulatory forbearance measures, and a rise in total loans and advances.
  • Since the start of the pandemic, €900bn of European loans have received support through EBA eligible moratoria, of which 70% were granted by banks in France, Spain and Italy making these jurisdictions potential hotspots as measures unwind.
  • Despite overall declining trends in total NPL volumes across Europe, repeat lockdowns and the level of loans still under loan moratoria mean that higher new NPLs are widely expected and may reach peaks not seen since the global financial crisis.
  • In anticipation of a deterioration in asset quality, the largest European banks covered in this report provisioned c€118.1bn in 2020, near double 2019 levels of €54.5bn. Banks are however starting to tail off or reverse provisions given growing confidence from asset quality improvements and macro recovery.
  • Legacy portfolios, where disposal processes were paused as a result of the pandemic, are likely to be the first brought back to the market. So far in 2021, transactions totalling €29.1bn have closed, with an expected additional €70.2bn in the pipeline for the year, bringing it close to 2019 levels of €119.2bn.

How to use the report findings

  • Use the data to explore loan sale activity and trends in key markets across Europe, including the key players and asset categories in each market.
  • Loan portfolio buyers and sellers: identify the most active players in the European market.
  • Debt investors: discover which markets are likely to present the largest investment opportunities.


Previous publications




Read past editions of our deleveraging reports and other NPL publications:


Deloitte UK Deleveraging Europe 2019, October 2019
2019 Deleveraging Europe: focus on France, October 2019 
2018-2019 Deleveraging Asia, October 2019
2019 CEE NPL study, 2019
2018 Q3 Deleveraging Europe, November 2018
2018 Deleveraging Europe: Focus on France, December 2018
2017-2018 Global deleveraging report, April 2018
2017-2018 Deleveraging Asia, April 2018
2017-2018 CEE NPL study, January 2018
2017 H1 Deleveraging Europe, July 2017
2016-2017 Deleveraging Europe, February 2017
2016-2017 CEE NPL study, January 2017
2016 H1 Deleveraging Europe, August 2016
2015-2016 Deleveraging Europe, February 2016
2015 CEE NPL study, November 2015
2015 H1 Deleveraging Europe, August 2015
2014-2015 Italian NPL outlook, 2014
2014 CEE NPL study, 2014
2013 CEE NPL study, 2013
2012 CEE NPL study, 2012



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