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Welcome to the centre office

The future of enterprise and shared services

Shifting from a “back-office” to a “centre office” model can enable adaptable and resilient enterprises of the future.

Shift from back office to "centre office"

TODAY, one of the most critical business needs for executives across industries is creating resiliency and adaptability in their operations and building the foundation to do more with less in the face of shrinking budgets. The rapid pace of digital development, disruptive market forces including new customer and employee expectations, and the ongoing global health crisis have only increased the urgency of this need. Leaders are bombarded with conflicting messages about how to adapt to the pace of change in this rapidly evolving environment. Driven by the explosion of digital tools, the need for speed and agility, and the demand for proactive insights and personalised user experiences, many leaders are asking two key questions:

  • “How do we organise and deliver services within and across the business to adapt and thrive?”
  • “What capabilities should we invest in to balance long-term growth and efficiency as budgets shrink?”

While looking for the answers, they must consider that the role of the back office is rapidly changing to support enhanced enterprise integration and breakdown of silos across functions. Traditional back office shared services models are becoming irrelevant as the role of digital expands, with machines and automation redefining work and its delivery. As leaders assess opportunities to streamline operations, there is a shift in focus from task execution to business outcomes and anticipation of customer needs.

A new delivery model is emerging in response to the need to reimagine the role of service delivery structures within the enterprise with a view to improving agility, quality and speed. This new model—the centre office—leverages enterprisewide data and brings together cross-functional talent to deliver end-to-end services such as procure-to-pay and order-to-cash to the enterprise. Not only that, it also delivers common cross-functional capabilities such as automation, analytics and continuous improvement as a service while being hyperfocused on customer experience. This back-office to centre office shift is likely the next evolution of global business services (GBS) and shared services and can help build the resilient and adaptable delivery models that are increasingly in demand.

In this article, we will delve into how organisations can pivot to a centre office lens to build adaptable and resilient enterprises of the future and fuel the ability to do more with less. But first, consider what the future could look like with such a model to deliver services across the enterprise:

Scenario 1: Your organisation is looking to integrate a recent acquisition. In many cases, it takes years to fully integrate two organisations—diverse skills, expertise and strong programme management are required to fully execute the integration. Now, what if you could call upon an experienced, cross-functional team of programme managers/integration managers and seasoned change management experts within your organisation to support the integration? This team comes in with defined best practises and a battle-tested implementation approach. They know the organisation, the tools and the process destination, which enable them to accelerate execution, reducing the average integration time by half.

Scenario 2: Based on customer feedback, your sales team has identified a supply chain problem. In such cases, most organisations spend weeks putting a project in place and then pulling out and manipulating data to assess the root cause. But what if you could tap into an enterprise data analytics team. This team of data scientists has access to end-to-end service-related data at the transaction level and readily pulls out accurate data from the data hub. They then run an AI-driven analysis of the transactions and develop a drillable presentation of the root causes of the supply chain issue. Armed with the information you need on the issue, you develop the corrective action plan within hours, not weeks, of receiving the feedback.

The scenarios presented above are not out of reach for an organisation with a centre office model. For example, a US$50 billion multinational consumer goods company with operations in 150 markets designed and cultivated a high-octane M&A integration team. This team combined processes across finance, human resources (HR) and information technology (IT) to integrate the transformation experience across the organisation. It played a key role in not only accelerating the integration, but also in validating M&A synergy assumptions during due diligence. The result of the cross-functional integration capability delivered as a service: the SWAT team shortened M&A integration timelines by 50%, with each day saved from the timeline netting the company US$4 million per day.1

There’s increasing evidence of this shift today as many organisations are reimagining how they distribute and deliver work across the enterprise.

What the centre office model can look like

Shifting from a back-office to a centre office mindset requires a shift from transaction execution to business outcome delivery by providing impactful insights and frictionless services. It also requires the services organisation to come so close to the business and the customer that the lines between the back office and the front office begin to blur. It is important to note that the centre office is not a concept that’s separate from the GBS or shared services organisation, but rather the next generation of the model with a higher potential of bringing value to the enterprise through a greater concentration and sharing of skills and tools.

The centre office model leverages cross-functional data and talent to deliver end-to-end integration of activities and cross-functional capabilities such as automation and analytics “as-a-service” to the enterprise.

The centre office can take on different forms and, as organisations evolve, it can have varying levels of maturity—depending on the vision, mission, priorities, business model and appetite of the organisation for change. There are also different paths organisations can adopt to shift their work delivery lens and service delivery model to a highperforming and mature centre office model (figure 2):

  • Some organisations are initiating this shift by pursuing one or two end-to-end services spanning functional silos and by bringing specialisation and technical assets together to optimise and better govern the end-to-end value chain. This helps process owners meet rising user expectations for faster, deeper data-driven insights.
  • Others are pursuing this evolution of GBS and shared services by developing enterprisewide capabilities such as continuous improvement, M&A integration, or change management teams (figure 2). By bringing together similar skills and tools, organisations can develop cross-functional perspectives and scale to effectively deliver capabilities such as robotic process automation (RPA) design and demand management or predictive data analytics as a service. The centre office, in its cross-functional and enterprise delivery capacity, becomes the natural repository, incubator and talent hub for these capabilities.

What's more, unforeseen events such as the ongoing pandemic underscore the importance of improving virtual collaboration, reducing manual processes, leveraging partner ecosystems and accessing flexible talent pools, such as gig workers. During such times, the ability to make quick decisions, adapt resources and processes, and operate digitally and virtually is a differentiator. The centre office model can enable an organisation to be more resilient by deploying cross-functional teams to distribute the workload across functions and businesses, including providing access to the ecosystem of external partners to complement internal operations.

Adopting a centre office mindset can enable the service delivery organisation to become the central nervous system of the enterprise.

Adopting a centre office mindset can enable the service delivery organisation to become the central nervous system of the enterprise.

What it takes to pivot to the centre office

In our research, we observed three key characteristics across organisations that are successfully redefining the role of their back office service delivery and embodying the shift to the centre office. These organisations:

  1. Deliver specialised cross-functional capabilities as-a-service to the enterprise
  2. Overcome a distributed technology landscape with cross-functional scale and digital capabilities and tools
  3. Hyperfocus on customer and user experience, not just on efficiency

Organisations that are leading the way in realising service delivery maturity and value for the business demonstrate all these characteristics.

Capabilities as-a-service

Over the years, most GBS or shared services organisations, by virtue of being in the business of delivering and improving services, develop certain inherent capabilities. These capabilities—such as continuous improvement, transition and programme management, change management and knowledge management—are in demand across the enterprise. However, different teams source these capabilities or build them in pockets across the enterprise, creating redundancies in cost and staffing. Once brought together and delivered through a shared services organisation, these capabilities can easily be scaled and leveraged across the enterprise to deliver cost and talent benefits.

Leading organisations that realise this are embracing the centre office model to enhance business flexibility and responsiveness to market changes while driving efficiencies. They recognise the value of leveraging a common, centralised hub to develop, expand and deploy certain capabilities such as analytics and reporting, intelligent automation and customer experience management across the enterprise. One Deloitte study found that companies with an enterprisewide strategy for intelligent automation reduced costs by an average of 24% and increased income by an average of 8%. By contrast, organisations without an enterprisewide strategy reduce costs by 14% and increase income by 3% on average.2

As organisations face unexpected pressures such as the ongoing global pandemic, the centre office structure can deliver specialised skills and best practises in the most cost-efficient way while balancing the workload across different sites, locations, or regions. A culture that fosters specialised shared capabilities also helps grow talent by affording employees the opportunity to shape leading practises and methodologies as well as lead diverse projects that address complex business issues.

Case in point: Delivering analytics as a service at scale and on demand

A large international food and drink company was struggling to hire and retain analytics skills in individual business segments to support its data analytics needs. In an example of shifting to the centre office model, its GBS organisation developed a training programme to upskill existing team members in multiple data analytics and visualisation tools. It also offered enterprisewide roles to those interested in pursuing a cross-functional data analytics career path within the centre office, rather than being aligned with a single business unit. This enabled the office to attract and retain talent, both internally and externally. As the success story spread across the company, more complex and compelling projects were proposed for the shared services and delivery organisation. Demand from the business increased and, as a result, it was able to establish a true centre of excellence to share best practises and strategically leverage developed assets such as drillable reporting. Thereby it offered business units the benefit of specialised skills with organisational knowledge without having to manage the ongoing cost or talent retention challenges.

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Case in point: Delivering leases-as-a-service to simplify and scale service delivery

The General Services Administration (GSA) of the US federal government runs a fleet of more than 215,000 nontactical vehicles throughout their life cycle. By integrating processes and pricing the leases as a service, the GSA covers the cost and administration of new vehicle purchases, fuel purchase, repair and maintenance, fleet optimisation efforts and used vehicles sales. The GSA has established this centralised leasing capability as a service in a centre office–like model to deliver a simple, efficient process to its internal customers as a single-stop shop. This has enabled to adopt and make use of telematics, i.e., big data from the internet-of-things (IoT) and customer-centric agile product design to support greater innovations and efficiencies at scale. It is also enhancing its array of physical services with new digital capabilities to delight customers with this nonmandatory service.

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Overcoming a distributed technology landscape

Many organisations struggle with the historical legacy of partially integrated acquisitions and systemic underinvestment in end-to-end technology solutions, resulting in a fragmented systems landscape. Our research shows, 90% of shared services organisations believe increasing digital capability is fundamental to achieving their GBS objectives.3 However, only 26% employ an array of digital assets including cloud, RPA and single-instance enterprise resource planning tools.4 This means while many organisations are implementing cloud technologies, most are yet to fully develop a digital asset pool that can help integrate their technology systems in a shareable way.

In a global survey of 1,200 executives,5 respondents identified reliability and functionality of information systems as the top internal risk, given challenges such as potential cyberattacks and data privacy regulation. However, many organisations—particularly those with a highly federated technology infrastructure—don’t have the kind of funds required to overhaul their technology landscape into a single solution. Therefore, digital solutions that don’t break the bank but can integrate data and processes without requiring a full technology shift can be critical enablers of data availability and accuracy.

Digital solutions that don’t break the bank or require a full technology shift but can integrate data and processes can be critical enablers of data availability and accuracy.

This is becoming increasingly possible with digital advancements of workflow tools, orchestration softwares and cloud-based products (such as ServiceNow, Salesforce, Appian, etc.) that offer integrated suites of applications designed to create a consumer-like service experience irrespective of where the source data sits. Such capabilities bridge systemic gaps, bringing together information across business segments and data sources and unifying the technology landscape to provide better solutions to the enterprise without the need to migrate data or systems.

Cross-functional delivery models are increasingly enabling deploying and managing such tools and capabilities, in addition to, process mining tools such as Celonis6 or Bonita BPM7 to diagnose process and control issues and optimise outcomes for the business. When these assets are managed by the centre office, they can be deployed more quickly across business units. Business units can also benefit from organisational lessons learnt in other parts of the enterprise. In addition, the process improvement and performance management rigour often found in service delivery organisations can be combined with these tools to create a truly valuable impact on the enterprise, including:

  • Remediation of operational issues through reduction of duplicative manual entry
  • Risk mitigation and improved performance through KPI tracking and improvement
  • Elevated customer and employee experience with easier to access information for transactions from start to finish
  • Reduction of time-to-market for new services through faster market analysis from minimum viable product testing

Case in point: Bringing disparate sources of data together to solve supply chain problem

A large international oil and petrol company leveraged its centre office capability to solve a supply chain problem. A number of orders that included out-of-share items had been accepted, leading to incomplete orders and multiple shipments. This resulted in increased time to deliver the orders and decreased customer satisfaction. The organisation does not have a single-instance enterprise resource planning (ERP) software and there are many systems involved in the end-to-end income cycle. The centre office analytics team leveraged its digital orchestration layer to access these multiple systems and cross-functional process understanding to identify the issue. It found the problem was caused by a new supplier that was struggling to maintain supply at current demand level. The time between the identification of the issue and a potential solution was drastically reduced compared to previous reporting abilities. The company avoided setting up a special task force to assess the problem and an additional supplier was quickly identified to keep up with the order volumes.

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Case in point: Implementing a unified platform to enhance capacity and overcome a distributed technology landscape

The U.S. Department of Commerce is comprised of more than 45,000 employees across 11 bureaus along with the Office of the Secretary, all working together to drive progress in trade and investment, innovation, environment, data and operational excellence. As another example of a shift to the centre office model, the department’s shared services organisation, Enterprise Services (ES), implemented its first-ever enterprisewide online platform for tracking transactions related to HR, IT and acquisition services. The ES portal has enabled intuitive self-service, providing instructions, resources and links for any in-scope customer request despite a disparate legacy ERP and technology footprint across the functions. Real-time updates on the status of tickets have enhanced the customer experience. Moreover, streamlining the intake and processing of transactional services has improved the quality of delivery. For example, the volume of contract transactions processed increased by more than 25% and ES achieved an unprecedented requisition-to-order timeliness metric within a year of the portal launch.

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Hyperfocus on customer experience (beyond costs)

“Work the way we live” is an emerging theme disrupting how work is delivered across the enterprise. This concept takes off on the premise that as individuals, we have access to cutting-edge technologies and a high degree of personalisation, and, as employees, we can and should expect a similar level of modernisation and personalisation at work. To implement this concept, successful service delivery organisations need to provide easy-to-access, easy-to-use, personalised service and tools. The centre office, with its hyperfocus on the customer/user experience, is uniquely positioned to use its large-scale access and digital-savvy capabilities to successfully deliver on this expectation. To provide meaningful customer experiences, organisations need to embed the following principles in their programmes, processes and technology:

  • Collaboration and engagement: Encourage active collaboration and engagement to provide customers/users the ability and avenues to influence, shape and align on goals.
  • Accessibility: Offer availability and accessibility to the right information at the right time across stakeholders.
  • Personalisation: Provide proactive and predictive personalised insights and offerings based on individual history and preferences.

There are two main ways in which a centre office model can drive superior customer experiences for the enterprise. These are:

  • Deliberately creating forums for active collaboration with customers
  • Personalising the digital experience for users and customers

To begin with, shifting to the centre office model requires organisations to adopt and embed passion around customer service in the culture at all levels. This can be fostered by encouraging and demonstrating collaborative and open behaviours, offering incentives and organising customer connect meetings/events.

Putting the customer/user at the heart of everything and intimately understanding their needs, wants and pain points is integral to the centre office shift. Successful service delivery organisations set their annual plan against the goals of the business. The centre office model takes it a step further by measuring what matters to the customer—the outcomes and impact of services delivered against the priorities of the business—rather than just reporting on internal operations. It organises regular customer summits and joint forums that bring customers, business leaders and delivery teams together (often, including third-party partners) to not only set joint priorities and assess progress, but also to share performance against the outcomes, establish proactive feedback loops across levels and jointly identify innovation opportunities. This is what true collaboration and engagement looks like from a human interaction and governance lens.

Putting the customer/user at the heart of everything and intimately understanding their needs, wants and pain points is integral to the centre office shift.

The other side of the customer experience is digital experience. While 51% of shared services organisations surveyed by Deloitte in 2019 said they were already achieving or exceeding their objectives around digital experience, 84% said they expect to increase their focus on digital experience and 49% expect to significantly increase their focus on it in the next 3–5 years.8

To meet rising user expectations, next-generation delivery organisations are emphasising personalised, user-centric approaches while delivering services. They’re enabling users to choose how they want to interface—through chatbots, calls, apps, email, or text—for both proactive and reactive interactions. Users can also set reminders and alerts for different requirements depending on the type of request; for example, invoice reminders sent to customers via email or annual enrolment reminders sent to employees through text.

A unified and consistent customer interface enables users to request services, report on issues and receive feedback on these issues regardless of the number of functional areas and systems involved in their resolution. To offer such personalised digital experiences, organisations need to develop a targeted channel strategy tailored to different customer segments and frequently reassess it based on usage and feedback data.

Case in point: Creating unified customer interactions to reduce costs and enhance customer experience

A large medical equipment manufacturer has been shifting towards the centre office by leveraging a cross-functional service delivery model to serve multiple functions and businesses while investing in digital maturity. It has declared a strategy of moving away from manual interactions to eliminate contact via self-service and knowledge portals. It is doing this by leveraging digital technologies such as ServiceNow as its single user workflow and interaction tool across multiple functions (e.g. HR, finance, IT, procurement and facilities). The centre office tailored the input request and the information provided through different channels, including mobile, for a personalised look and feel. It used simple, intuitive language for labels and instructions, leading to significantly increased uptake of the service. Its strategy to reduce touchpoints (using knowledge management), maximise self-service and increase chats significantly reduced the cost to serve users while improving their experience. Employees were able to easily input and monitor their requests irrespective of how many source systems the request touches. As feedback was integrated, self-service increased from 20% to 60% and calls were reduced to just 20% of the touchpoints. The user experience improved as employees could easily access and navigate information.

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Case in point: Enabling innovation based on customer collaboration to deliver a 10X return

A multinational pharmaceutical company implemented a centre office model that delivers specialist services—including high-quality commercial, medical, clinical, legal and consulting as a service—across functions. Customer feedback (approximately 160,000 points a month) is taken seriously and all negative responses are individually reviewed and analysed to continuously improve services and develop new innovative solutions. Digitally enabled solutions are at the forefront of the solution and artificial intelligence (AI)–powered sales bots support 5,000 representatives. Leveraging cross-functional experts and external partners, the centre office delivered a 10X return by using customer feedback and AI-driven data to drive innovation.

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The journey to unlocking value

While the value of shifting to the centre office model—likely the next evolution of GBS and shared services—is clear, the journey to adopting such a model is not easy. There are critical lessons organisations looking to make this shift can learn from those that have done it successfully. Here are some steps they can incorporate in their journey:

  1. Ensure chief executive sponsorship: The back-office to centre office shift is impossible to make unless the topmost executives make it their top priority and declare it a strategic business priority. Given the cross-functional nature of this shift, the sponsorship of the executive leadership is essential to overcome political and organisational dynamics and historical orthodoxies that can get in the way of change.
  2. Confirm that the shift is a shared leadership ambition: Even with topmost executive sponsorship in place, lack of a clearly articulated shared ambition among the broader leadership and their teams can be a significant roadblock in the shift. Bring key leaders and stakeholders across functions and businesses into a series of dialogues to align them on a common ambition and translate this into common goals for the business.
  3. Initiate a fundamental mindset shift (cost centre to business centre): One of the biggest challenges in shifting to the centre office model is the traditional view of service delivery organisations, which have long been considered a transactional cost centre or an unnecessary “allocation” that costs money without demonstrating value. To break the mould, the centre office must be run like a business, including measuring performance, with performance assessment based on meaningful outcomes that customers and businesses care about.
  4. Build a purposeful brand: Cultivating a brand that embodies the value proposition, is business- and customer-focussed and presents a rich career promise to its team members is critical for the centre office. A brand supports the idea that the centre office is a “partner,” rather than the more transactional “order taker” of traditional shared services. Share success stories across the enterprise to influence the hearts and minds of customers and other stakeholders.
  5. Create cross-functional capabilities: To realise the full value of shifting to the centre office model, it is essential to break down functional silos to deliver efficient processes and business insights across functions, as this is what ultimately leads to efficiency and growth. This requires rethinking traditional teaming and incentive structures, workspaces, collaboration technologies and governance platforms. It also requires measuring team performance as a unit in addition to individual performance.

Finally, remember one size does not fit all: The key to shifting the lens and mindset from the back office to the centre office lies in moving from transactions and tasks to anticipating and delivering on business outcomes. It is also essential to enhance sharing of scalable capabilities across the enterprise to do more with less. There is no single model that can serve as a silver bullet for organisations. The right model is different for each organisation and it depends on the shared ambition of its leaders, current distribution of work and organisational structures, the level of maturity of existing capabilities, and the culture and level of executive sponsorship.

There is no single centre office model that can serve as a silver bullet for organisations.

Shifting the lens—a need of the hour

Change is the new normal and it transcends geographical borders and industries. Disruptive events such as the ongoing COVID-19 health and economic crisis, market trends and rapidly changing technology are forcing organisations to adapt fast and be prepared to do it frequently. These shifts require reimagining work and how it’s delivered across the enterprise.

Shifting from a back office, order-taking mentality to a centre office lens requires a shift from executing transactions and tasks to delivering business outcomes and value and becoming so close to the business and customer that the lines between the back office and the front office begin to blur. Ultimately, the enterprise exists to serve the business objective or mission and it is time to reimagine delivery of work as a single value chain that cuts across functions, regions and business segments. Organisations that renew their perspective on what kind of work and capabilities can be delivered on a shared, seamless basis across the enterprise can outperform their competitors.

The shift requires the service delivery organisation to become so close to the business and customer that the lines between the back office and the front office begin to blur.

As executives and leaders across industries determine ways to emerge successfully from the current crisis, the shift to a centre office–like model can serve as a catalyst to propel the enterprise into a new future. Service delivery organisations that offer specialised capabilities as-a-service—eliminating redundancies, hyperfocusing on the customer and the business and leveraging cross-functional data and talent to drive innovation—are positioned to deliver impactful insights and efficient, frictionless services across the enterprise. They are also primed to deliver material business outcomes and help the organisation remain resilient in the face of crises.

Global Business Services and Enterprise Services Transformation

Deloitte’s Global Business Services (GBS) and Enterprise Services Transformation practise works closely with executives to transform the delivery of work and services across the enterprise including design and implementation of operating models that align with their business strategy. The team helps organisations achieve the next level of performance through reimagination of service delivery that often includes set up of new/enhanced delivery centres, establishment of new processes, standards, policies, governance, teams and infrastructure.

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