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Banking the unbanked

Prepaid cards, mobile payments and global opportunities in retail banking


Financial institutions around the world compete against one another trying to attract and retain the same middle- to upper-income retail customers year after year. Yet there is an enormous market that most banks are ignoring — and that nonbank competitors have begun to cultivate effectively: the world’s 2.5 billion adults who are either unbanked or underbanked.

By definition, unbanked customers have no checking, savings, credit, or insurance account with a traditional, regulated depository institution. Meanwhile, underbanked customers have one or more of these accounts, but conduct many of their financial transactions with alternative service providers, such as check-cashing services, payday lenders, and even pawn shops — and still use cash for many transactions.

By any measure, the unbanked and underbanked represent a large and potentially profitable, untapped market.

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